History of Odin
Odin is a renowned mythical god in history. Odin is the god of Aesir, a group of gods in ‘Norse Mythology’. Odin’s character was prominent in the formation and demolition of this world. The name Odin means ‘Frenzy’. Odin played the character of god of wisdom, magic, poetry and battle. Odin was initially founded in the myths of Germanic people. Odin was originally named as ‘Wodonaz’. Odin is also called as the “Father of all Gods”.
Fig 1: “Odin the father of all gods”
History of prince Odin
Odin character has been found throughout the Europe history. Extending from roman region to that of the Scandians period. Odin was admired by all the people of these periods. Odin has enjoyed the major power in euhemerism. The old Norse myths of Iceland also confirms the character of Odin in 13th century. These old myths helped a lot in the formation of modern Norse mythology. Odin had the astounding powers of magic. His magic was popular throughout the world of gods. Odin worshipers believe as the great healer of all wounds. Odin was not a descent personality, he was sharp and clever by nature.
Fig 2: “Thor in center, Frigg left and Odin at right”
Borr was father of Odin. He married to Frigg, Rindr, Joro and Griar. Thor, the god of thunder was the youngest son of Odin. He was father of five sons. The sons also served as gods, performing different duties. Odin appearance was little bit different. Odin head was always covered by the large hat. Long bearded and one-eyed Odin looks a mysterious character in the Norse mythology. The two famous birds huginn and munin served him at every moment of his life. Odin horse was different from the normal horses. Odin horse was eight-legged.
“Odin on his flying eight-legged horse”
History of Odin
Roman Era and Migration Period:
Romans played a vital role in restoration of evidences of people of Germania. This was basically attaining by the ‘Interpretatio Romana’, it is the process in which evidences are used to give the accurate culture and myths. One such evidence was the particular writing about the religion of Germania people. Which states that ‘among the gods Mercury is the one they principally worship’. Humans and animal sacrifice were made by Germania’s to please their god. Tacitus the greatest Roman historian, called the mercury as the god Odin. Anthony, the British historian was not in favor of tacticus point of view.
In fact, the appearance of Odin and mercury was similar, but have performed a quite different duties in their perspective religions. Julius Caesar, who was roman military general thought that as the Germania people only worship the things that they can see with their eye. Most probably they used to worship the moon, fire and sun and stars. Which was later rejected by large number of historians and scholars.
“Wodan and Frea look down from window to the heaven”
In 7th century, Germania people were attracted towards Christianity. Odin was the spotlight character that has been mention in ‘Old English rune poem’ and ‘Nine Herbs Charm’. The most important evidence is found in the sentences of Bill Griffiths poem which is “A serpent came crawling (but) it destroyed no one when Wodan took nine twigs of glory, then struck the adder so that it flew into nine (pieces), there archived apple and poison, that it never would re-enter the house”.
In light of the myth of Langobard’s, a group of Germania people were ruled by the great women leader named as Gambara. The group was known as the winnili. Another group of Germania people, referred to as the Vandals. The group was attacked by the army of ambri and assi. The two sons of Gambara asked for the help of god ‘Godan’ in the battle. The sons of Gambara also asked for the help of Frea, who was wife of Godan. Ultimately, she heard their pray and gave them victory.
Pre Viking-Age to Post Viking:
In 11th century, the German chronicler Adam of Berman depicted the presence of the statue of Odin in the temple of Uppsala, Sweden. Adam called him the god of wars, as he found evidences that Odin was used to rule the wars. He also gave strength to the people of Germania against their enemies. In 12th century, Christianity revolutionized the Norway. Till 12th century Odin was worship as god by the majority of the people. This is also supported by the evidence from the ‘Bryggen Inscriptions’.
“Wodan heals Blader’s horse”
In 13th century Odin remain the major part of poetic Edda poems. As, the Odin is the key constructor and destructor of this world. According to the mythology concepts in those poems the world war one is considered as the war between the two leading groups of gods, Aiser and Vanir. The poem also mentions the list of the wives of the ruler of the wars. The Edda describes the self-killing of the god of wisdom, Odin. The self-sacrifice of the Odin is mentioned in the poem of the edda as:
” I know that I hung on a windy tree nine long nights, wounded with a spear, dedicated to Odin, myself to myself, on that tree of which no man knows, from where its roots run, No bread did they give me nor a drink from a hor, downwards I peered, I took up the runes, screaming I took them, then I fell back from there”.
“Odin throw during the war”
Odin character is also found in the list of the gods of the Norse mythology. The prominent list rulers of the people of Germania is ‘Heimskringla’. Odin is mentioned in the second chapter, its first chapter basically elaborates the origins of the gods. The god of war ruled the capital of Aesir, Asgaror. The Asgaror was also the central point of sacrifice by the people of Germania. Odin gain the title of god of wars, as he never lost any battle. The worshipers of Odin used to have his blessing, before fighting any battle.
“Self-sacrifice of Odin”
Ve and Vili were brothers of Odin. After the self-sacrifice of Odin, his rule was over took by his brothers. Frigg, the wife of Odin was possessed by his bothers. Odin restored his wife after his return. The war of Odin and Vanir is also mentioned in last chapters of the book.
The existence of Odin has also been found on numerous historical objects. Migration period involves the excessive use of gold coins. The human pictures on these gold coins give a strong evidence of the Gods. The god on the coin is referred as the Odin by the famous scholars and the historians. These coins are termed as the bracteates. The coins are also later found in the small numbers in European countries. Coins are flanked by Odin sitting on horse. Odin birds are also mention in the Norse myths. These birds’ pictures were also made on the coins. The birds help the god of wars in every aspect of life.
“Odin picture on coin”
Vendal, the period present between the migration period and the post Viking period. Vendal era plates has also been found in some ancient graves of Sweden. The pictures on these plates was also similar to that of the coins. A man sitting over the running horse. Moreover, the two birds seem as the body guards. As, one bird is flying behind and other in front of the horse.
Some stones have been found in the island of Sweden. The stones were caved in amazing way with the pictures of horses and gods. Andre image stones also found from the same island. Bird shaped brooches were found from Sorthoj. The features of these birds were very different from that of the normal birds. As, they were having animal heads shape feet and Pickering beaks. Their tails were in the shape of the fans. The birds seem that have some super powers based on their appearance.
“Carved stone with picture of Odin”
Large number of carved fragments are found from one of the buried ships in Norway. Scholar Anne Stine, after deep examination depicts that the man on horse is Odin. The two dark birds are huginn and muninn. During excavation of land in Denmark, metal castles are found. The great archeologist Stig Jenson also termed it as the picture of Odin. The ornaments above the hat of the man were called as huginn and muninn. Roseklide museum of demark, exhibit the number of metal plates. The plates were symbols related to the god of wisdom, Odin. Ledberg stone which is displayed in the famous church of Sweden also strongly depicts the existence of Odin. The predictions of the philosophers and the archeologists are strongly supported by the above archeological plates, coins and stones. These all are the supporting points of Norse mythology.
History of prince Odin
Fig 10: “Ledberg stone with a carved picture of the god of war”