Baneful Ares is the Greek god of war. He is also known as the god of wrath, aggression, and terror. Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera and one of the Twelve Olympians. In Greek literature, the Greek god Ares means the metaphor of complete brutality.
He represents violence and the untamed character of war. Ares embodies his physical spirit to achieve success in war as he was a terrible force and well-known as man-slaughter. Ares corrupted Aphrodite and fought with Herculis and angered Poseidon by slaying his son Halirrhothios.
The god of war is famously one of the exceptional human Olympian gods who have sound existence in Greek art including, his numerous fancy affairs and abundant offsprings. Even in Roman times, he took a much more serious character as Mars, known as the Roman god of war.
The Roman writer described the myths of Ares under the name of Mars during the Hellenization of Latin literature. Also, the Greek writers recorded the practices and ideas to Mars following the name of Ares under Roman rule.
Ares’s temper, impulsiveness, and excitement to cause senseless destruction made him the least valued of all the human Olympians gods. In Illiad, his father Zeus admits, Ares is the most hateful god to him. The Greeks acknowledged him extensively but admired a little.
Definitely, Ares was a god, but the greeks alleged that he kept himself a detached place from the Greek society and esteem as he was Thracian (Thrace was a religion of warlike people). Ares is most familiar as the lover of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, though she was married to the god of craftsmanship named Hephaestus.
The most famous and popular story explained to Ares and Aphrodite reveals them to satire through the wronged husband’s play. The activities of Ares not only inspired Greeks to make conflict but also attempted to celebrate its subversive tendencies.
The etymology of Ares god
The name of the Greek god “Ares” comes from the word that is in ancient Greek is “destruction,” or “bane,” “curse.” In the greater sense, the word comes from the roto Indo-European Mrēs—the most possible root of the Latin and Roman name “Mars,” which means “combat,” or “war.”
In the Mycenaean Greek, the word is in the form of a-re, an adjectival form that explains the Greek gods and goddesses going into combat as like as “Athena Areia,” or “Zeus Areios.”Also, the tenor of the word indicates Sanskrit word irasya, which means “ill-will,” and it still has a presence today in English words like “irate,” and “ire.”
Family and Relations of Ares God
Baneful Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera. He has a sister named Eris, known as the Goddess of Discord. Also, Hebe is another sister of Ares, and she is called the goddess of youth. Ares had many more lovers like other Greek male deities and many children by them as well.
He had an endless and fabulous affair with the married Aphrodite, and they produced together with a litany of important characters including, Phobos, the god of fear and Deimos, the god of terror and dread.
Both gods gave outstanding assistance with Ares and participated in the battle on his chariot. Also, Ares and Aphrodite had children with questionably ridiculous characteristics.
They were Harmonia (the goddess of harmony and peace,) Adrestia, (the goddess of balances and fitting retributions,) and the goddesses known as the Erotes winged deities who are known as love and eroticism.
Eros (god of sexual love and bodily desire,) Himeros (a god linked with sexual intercourse whose name meant “lawless desire,”) Anteros (the god of settled love, who punished those who refused the proposals of others,) and Pothos (who performed with a creeper in his hands and represented desire).
The character of the children of Aphrodite and Ares represents the impression that eroticism arose from a blend of love and the immature violence of desire. Mygdon and Edonus other children of Ares, in the Muse of epic poetry, they born of Calliope.
Ares sired Melanippe, Antiipe, Penthesilea, and Hippolyta with the mortal queen of the Amazons Otrera, and it echoed that the last child would become the monarch of the Amazons one day.
Hippolyta recorded a corset as a queen and involved with tangled with Hercules on several remarkable moments. In the meantime, Ares was the father of Nike, the deadly Kyknus, and the goddess of triumph, though their mothers were not well verified.
Mythology of Ares God
Ares and the Foundation of Thebes
Ares was the co-founder of the city of Thebes in the fourth century BCE before the rise of Macedon.
According to the record, Ares created a water-dragon to frighten the people who lived near the following site of Thebes.
A legendary hero of Greek mythology named Cadmus destroyed the water-dragon and angered Ares. Later the martial god ordered Cadmus to show repentance for his works, and Cadmus accepted it by sowing the roots of the dragon into the ground.
The warriors of Thebes were familiar as the Spartoi, and then they started to appear from the ground where Cadmus had sown the roots. In the next, Cadmus received Ares’ daughter Harmonia as his bride, and they established a dynasty together that would govern Thebes for generations to grow.
Aphrodite Wife of Ares god of war wife
Like other gods and goddesses, many tales reveal Ares focused on his romantic adventures, including his court of Aphrodite. Ares began to fall in love with Aphrodite, who was married to the god of craftsmanship, Hephaestus.
The Sun god Helios went to witness having sex of Ares and Aphrodite in Hephaestus bed one day. Then Helius hurried to tell Hephaestus everything that he witnessed. Hearing all, Hephaestus planned to catch the two quickly.
By using his excellent skill, Hephaestus created a net of material that was so well-defined and invisible, and he put it in his bed. Finally, the right moment came when Ares and Aphrodite were having sex in the next time.
In advance, Hephaestus prepared his trap and caught the two in the scene. Hephaestus requested the entire pantheon to see what he discovered in his own bed. The goddesses refused the invitation, and the male gods laughed when they witnessed what the Hephaestus wanted to show them.
Poseidon condoled with the depressed Ares and asked with Hephaestus to free him.
Battle With Hercules
The most popular and remarkable story of Ares was related to his fight with Hercules. Kyknos was the son of Ares, and he was notorious for ambushing pilgrims on their way to the command at Delphi.
At the same time, Herculis sent Apollo to deal with Kyknos. But Kykhos gained the displeasure of Apollo for his acts. That’s why Hercules killed Kyknos and enraged Ares to involve in a fight. Athena couldn’t harm Herculis, and at the same time, Herculis supervised to wound Ares.
Another myth and humiliating experience for Ares explains that he was captured by the twin Giants Ephialtes and Otus while they were attacking Mount Olympus. Also, they imprisoned the god of war in a bronze jar for one year. In the end, Ares freed through the interference of Hermes.
The Trojan War
According to Homer’s version of the Trojan War in the Iliad, Ares not only supported the Trojans but also advising them in battle along with Hector. The Iliad negatively reveals Ares and reported as ‘the man-killer,’ ‘offensive Ares,’ ‘curse of men,’ and ‘the war-glutton.’
Like the other mythological tales, Homer’s perception of Ares often shows his delicacy in comparison to the other gods. Athena beat Ares roundly by encouraging Achaeans and made him out with a large rock.
He also faced the worst battle against the Achaean hero Diomedes who also injured the god with his spear with the encouragement of Athena. Homer successfully represents the shriek of the scraped Ares like the roars of 10,000 men.
Escaping back to Olympus, Zeus overlooks the charges upon Ares and orders Paieon to treat his injury.
Athens and Cult
When Ares was accused of slaying Poseidon’s son Halirrhothios, he again bothered the harmony of Olympus. For hearing the case, a special court was assembled, the Areopagos- on a hill near the brook.
The result of the hearing acquitted Ares as the court was able to prove Ares killed Halirrhothios because he raped her daughter Alcippe. But in the next, the Areopagus was known as a place of trial for cases doing crime and injustice.
According to the city’s influential militaristic society, Ares was considerably much more esteemed in Sparta. Ares had a church in Thrace on the Black Sea, and it was incredibly popular among the Colchians.
Image in Art
In old Greek Obsolete and Classical art, Ares has been picturized covering full armor and helmet and bearing a shield and spear. In this prospect, Ares can be different than other armed warriors.
In some places, he is presented ascending his chariot pulled by fire breathing horses. For Attic vases in the 6th century BCE, the myth of the battle between Ares and Hercules was a famous and popular chapter of Ares.
Recently Ares comes up with a resurgence in pop culture. He has been reinvented as a fiery schemer and working to achieve sinister purposes. Ares video game series are fully met with the character of God of War.
In the first episode of the series, Ares developed as the main enemy and ultimate boss. Ares emerged as the principal antagonist in the blockbuster movie Wonder Woman (2017).
In this movie, Ares acted as a wicked fellow who silently coaxed others to perpetrate awful acts with chemical weapons. Eventually, he quietly produced the terrors of the First World War.